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Title:Totem et tabou: interprétation par la psychanalyse de la vie sociale des peuples primitifs
Format Type:Ebook
Author:
Publisher:Payot
ISBN:2228307734
ISBN 13:
Number of Pages:186
Category:Psychology, Philosophy, Non fiction, Psychoanalysis, Anthropology, Religion

Totem et tabou: interprétation par la psychanalyse de la vie sociale des peuples primitifs by Sigmund Freud, Anne Berman

PDF, EPUB, MOBI, TXT, DOC Totem et tabou: interprétation par la psychanalyse de la vie sociale des peuples primitifs In this controversial study Sigmund Freud applies the theories and evidence of his psychoanalytic investigations to the study of aboriginal peoples and by extension to the earliest cultural stages of the human race before the rise of large scale civilizations Freud points out the striking parallels between the cultural practices of native tribal groups and the behavior patterns of neurotics Beginning with a discussion of the incest taboo he compares some of the elaborate taboo restrictions seen in these cultures to the scrupulous rituals of compulsion neurotics who in a similar fashion are wrestling with the ambivalent emotions aroused by the incest taboo He suggests that many of the rituals of culture are developed as psychological reactions to taboos which prohibit the acting out of an infantile impulse that would be socially destructive p Freud concludes by invoking his famous Oedipal complex as the key to the development of culture The repressed psychological urge to kill the father as a rival for the mother s affections is the underlying motive for the symbols and ceremonies of religion with its rituals of atonement and its notions of angry gods original sin and human guilt p p Although Freud s theories are controversial today this masterful synthesis and its undeniable influence on later scholars of religion anthropology and psychology make it a seminal work p

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The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, Introductory Lectures on Psychoanalysis, The Interpretation of Dreams, Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality, The Future of an Illusion, Civilization and Its Discontents, Beyond the Pleasure Principle and Other Writings, Dora: An Analysis of a Case of Hysteria, The Ego and the Id, Totem and Taboo
The Interpretation of Dreams st appeared in German in as Die Traumdeutung publisher postdated Publication inaugurated the theory of Freudian dream analysis which he described as the royal road to the understanding of unconscious mental processes promising to demonstrate that there is a psychological technique which makes it possible to interpret dreams amp that on the application of this technique every dream will reveal itself as a psychological structure full of significance amp one which may be assigned to a specific place in the psychic activities of the waking state Further I shall endeavour to elucidate the processes which underlie the strangeness amp obscurity of dreams amp to deduce from these processes the nature of the psychic forces whose conflict or cooperation is responsible for our dreams br The book introduces the ego amp describes a theory of the unconscious as regards dream interpretation Dreams are forms of wish fulfillment attempts by the unconscious to resolve conflicts whether recent or from the past Beyond the Pleasure Principle discusses dreams which don t appear to be such Because the information in the unconscious is in an unruly often disturbing form a preconscious censor won t allow it to pass unaltered to consciousness While still attentive the censor is more lax in sleep than in waking hours Thus the unconscious must distort the meaning of its information to make it past the censor As such dream images often aren t what they appear to be amp need analysis br Freud makes his argument by st reviewing previous work on dream analysis found to be interesting but inadequate He then describes dreams which illustrate his theory Many of these dreams are his own his method is inaugurated with an analysis of his Irma s injection dream Others come from case studies Many of his sources for analysis are literary The book is as much a self conscious attempt at literary analysis as it s a psychological study He also st discusses what would later become the Oedipus complex theory br It took years to sell the st copies Freud revised the book at least eight times The rd edition added a section which treated dream symbolism literally following Wilhelm Stekel s influence Later psychoanalysts have been frustrated with this section as it encouraged the notion that dream interpretation was a straightforward hunt for symbols of sex Example Steep inclines ladders amp stairs amp going up or down them are symbolic representations of the sexual act These approaches have been largely abandoned br By many considered to be his most important contribution to psychology Freud said of it Insight such as this falls to one s lot but once in a lifetime, In The Psychopathology of Everyday Life Freud examines the psychological basis for the forgetting of names and words the misuse of words in speech and in writing and other similiar errors Freud s examination of the subject is extensively discussed through the use of anecdotes and examples The Psychopathology of Everyday Life makes for one of Freud s more readable works Presented here is the original english translation of A A Brill, In the manner of the eighteenth century philosopher Freud argued that religion and science were mortal enemies Early in the century he began to think about religion psychoanalytically and to discuss it in his writings The Future of an Illusion Freud s best known and most emphatic psychoanalytic exploration of religion is the culmination of a lifelong pattern of thinking, It stands as a brilliant summary of the views on culture from a psychoanalytic perspective that he had been developing since the turn of the century It is both witness and tribute to the late theory of mind the so called structural theory with its stress on aggression indeed the death drive as the pitiless adversary of eros br br em Civilization and Its Discontents em is one of the last of Freud s books written in the decade before his death and first published in German in In it he states his views on the broad question of man s place in the world a place Freud defines in terms of ceaseless conflict between the individual s quest for freedom and society s demand for conformity br br br Freud s theme is that what works for civilization doesn t necessarily work for man Man by nature aggressive and egotistical seeks self satisfaction But culture inhibits his instinctual drives The result is a pervasive and familiar guilt br br br Of the various English translations of Freud s major works to appear in his lifetime only one was authorized by Freud himself em The Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud em under the general editorship of James Strachey br br br Freud approved the overall editorial plan specific renderings of key words and phrases and the addition of valuable notes from bibliographical and explanatory Many of the translations were done by Strachey himself the rest were prepared under his supervision The result was to place the em Standard Edition em in a position of unquestioned supremacy over all other existing versions br